ITR Filing: A Comprehensive Guide

General Knowledge  •  31 Jul, 2023  •  1,860 Views  •  ⭐ 5.0

Written by Anand Swami

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With the financial year coming to a close, the deadline for filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) is fast approaching. For many, this annual ritual might seem daunting. However, armed with the right knowledge, the process becomes straightforward.


The Income Tax Return is the form in which taxpayers declare their taxable incomes, deductions, and tax payments. The last date for salaried individuals and non-audit cases to file ITR for the financial year 2022-23 is today, July 31st. As of July 30, a whopping 5.83 crore returns have already been filed. Let's break down the essentials of ITR filing in India.

Significance of ITR Filing

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  • Proof of Income: Your ITR acts as proof of income, which can be beneficial for loan applications and visa processes.
  • Claiming Refund: If excess tax has been deducted from your income, you can only claim a refund if you've filed your ITR.
  • Carry Forward Losses: To carry forward and set off your capital losses against future capital gains, filing an ITR is essential.

Consequences of Missing the Deadline

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  • Belated ITR: Those missing the deadline can still file a belated ITR, but with a penalty. A maximum penalty of Rs 5,000 is imposed if the ITR is filed after the due date.
  • Restrictions on Carrying Forward Losses: Taxpayers cannot carry forward losses from the current Assessment Year if they fail to file the ITR.
  • Prosecution: Deliberate avoidance can lead to prosecution, especially after receiving notices from the Income Tax Department.

The ITR Filing Process

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  • Choose the Right Form: Depending on the nature of your income, select the correct ITR form.
  • Gather Necessary Documents: This includes PAN, Aadhaar, bank statements, TDS certificates, and other investment proofs.
  • E-filing: Use the government's online portal to e-file your returns for added convenience.

Eligibility Criteria

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  • Income Threshold: It's mandatory to file an ITR if your income exceeds the non-taxable limit, which varies based on age groups and residency status.
  • Claiming Refund: Even if your income is below the taxable limit, you should file an ITR if you want to claim a refund.

Types of ITR Forms

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  • ITR-1 (Sahaj): For salaried individuals with a single house property and income less than Rs 50 lakh.
  • ITR-2: This is for individuals and HUFs who do not have any income from a business or profession.
  • Other Forms: Depending on the nature of income and status of the taxpayer, there are various forms like ITR-3, ITR-4, and so on.

Key Deadlines to Remember

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  • Regular Deadline: July 31st for salaried individuals and non-audit cases for the respective financial year.
  • Extended Deadlines: Sometimes, the government may extend the deadline due to unforeseen circumstances or technical glitches.

Importance of Timely Filing

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  • Avoid Penalties: Timely filing ensures you're not burdened with late fees.
  • Financial Discipline: Regularly filing returns promotes financial discipline and aids in better financial planning.

Benefits of E-filing

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  • E-filing makes the ITR process more streamlined, offers quicker refunds, and ensures a more secure submission. The portal also provides easy access to previous years' tax records and acknowledgement receipts.

Role of Aadhaar in ITR

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  • Aadhaar-PAN Linking is now mandatory for ITR filing. The synchronization ensures transparency, reduces tax evasion, and simplifies the verification process, promoting a hassle-free tax filing experience.


Filing your ITR is not just a statutory obligation but a testament to your financial discipline. Remember, it's always beneficial to file your return well in advance to avoid last-minute glitches and ensure accuracy. When in doubt, consult a tax advisor or the official Income Tax Department website for guidance.



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