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India's Freedom Journey: 10 Historical Events


India  •  1 Aug, 2023  •  2,807 Views  •  ⭐ 5.0

Written by Shivani Chourasia


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India, a country renowned for its deep-rooted civilization and vibrant culture, has a history teeming with tales of determination, sacrifice, and resilience. The struggle for Indian independence was a profound period, spanning over two centuries, a saga defined by the heroic acts of countless freedom fighters. This blog will trace ten pivotal events in India's journey towards achieving sovereignty from British rule, exploring the timeline that eventually led to the birth of the world's largest democracy.

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The Revolt of 1857

Beginning and Spread of The Revolt of 1857 UPSC IAS
Image Credits: Knowledgekart.in

Regarded as India's First War of Independence, the Revolt of 1857 signalled the initiation of a unified struggle against the British Raj. Sparked off by sepoys (soldiers) in Meerut over greased cartridges, this revolt marked the first major resistance against the British East India Company's high-handed rule.

Formation of the Indian National Congress (1885)

History of Indian National Congress (1885 to 1948) - wbpscupsc
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The establishment of the Indian National Congress (INC) was a significant step towards organized political action in India. Comprising intellectuals and politicians, the INC started as a body seeking administrative reforms but later became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement.

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Partition of Bengal (1905)

This Day in History: On 16th October 1905, the Partition of Bengal took  place after orders by erstwhile Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon
Image Credits: Jagran TV

Lord Curzon's decision to partition Bengal triggered a vehement response from the Indian public, catapulting the freedom struggle into a mass movement. It led to the rise of revolutionary activities and the Swadeshi movement, promoting the use of Indian-made goods to undermine British economic control.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919)

1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre | Discover Sikhism
Image Credits: Discover Sikhism

The ruthless Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, where General Dyer ordered open firing at a peaceful gathering in Amritsar, marked a dark chapter in Indian history. The incident led to a nationwide surge of nationalism and intensified India's determination to gain independence.

Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922)

Achievements of The Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920
Image Credits: UPSC with Nikhil

Launched by Mahatma Gandhi, the Non-Cooperation Movement was a significant phase of the Indian struggle. It saw millions of Indians renouncing British products and institutions, initiating a peaceful form of resistance, or 'Satyagraha,' against the colonial regime.

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Simon Commission Protests (1928)

Simon Commission: Boycott, Members, Report & Results
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The Simon Commission, an all-British panel formed to suggest constitutional reforms in India, met with nationwide protests due to the absence of Indian representation. The protest saw the rise of new leaders like Subhash Chandra Bose and Bhagat Singh, symbolizing a shift from moderate to more aggressive forms of protest.

Dandi March (1930)

Mahatma Gandhi Album - The Dandi March of 1930
Image Credits: Kamat's Potpourri

Another iconic event led by Mahatma Gandhi, the Dandi March was a 240-mile walk to make salt in defiance of the oppressive Salt Law imposed by the British. The march was a strategic act of nonviolent protest against British policies and played a crucial role in mobilizing public opinion against the colonial regime.

Quit India Movement (1942)

Quit India Movement: How August Movement became a watershed moment in  India's freedom struggle-India News , Firstpost
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The Quit India Movement was a final clarion call for the British to leave India. In Gandhi's words, it was a 'do or die' movement. Although initially suppressed by the British, it set the stage for subsequent political developments leading to India's independence.

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Indian National Army (1942)

Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) History : Objectives & Achievements
Image Credits: Cultural India

Founded by Subhash Chandra Bose, the Indian National Army (INA) was an armed force dedicated to securing Indian independence. Bose's rallying cry, "Give me blood, and I'll give you freedom," deeply stirred the Indian public and added momentum to the freedom struggle.

Independence and Partition of India (1947)

Independence and Partition, 1947 | National Army Museum
Image Credits: National Army Museum

Finally, on 15th August 1947, India broke the shackles of colonial rule to emerge as a free nation. However, the joy of independence was marred by the heartbreaking Partition of India and Pakistan, resulting in communal riots and mass displacement.

Conclusion

The Indian independence struggle was a saga of courage, endurance, and an unyielding desire for freedom. These ten key events are but a glimpse into the multitude of sacrifices and efforts made by countless Indians. They led the way, inspiring future generations with their unwavering belief in the values of freedom, unity, and democracy. As we look back, it's crucial to remember and respect these historical milestones that paved the way for the India we know today.

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