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10 Pillars of India's Freedom Struggle

India  •  1 Aug, 2023  •  2,732 Views  •  ⭐ 5.0

Written by Shivani Chourasia

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The Indian Independence Movement was a period of remarkable revolution, courage, and sacrifice. It was a time when exceptional leaders emerged and steered the nation towards achieving freedom from British colonial rule. This blog shines the spotlight on ten of the most influential figures of the Indian Independence Movement, detailing their momentous contributions that eventually led to India's independence on August 15, 1947.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi | The moral evolution of Mohandas K. Gandhi - Telegraph India
Image Credits: Telegraph India

Often referred to as the 'Father of the Nation,' Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's role in the Indian independence struggle cannot be overstated. He brought a philosophy of non-violent resistance, known as Satyagraha, to the forefront. His initiatives, such as the Dandi March, Quit India Movement, and the Non-cooperation movement, profoundly shaped the trajectory of the freedom struggle.

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru Biography — Education, history, facts & information | by  Indian National Congress | Medium
Image Credits: Medium

As the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru played a crucial role in shaping the nation post-independence. Yet, his influence during the freedom movement was equally impactful. Nehru was a staunch supporter of Gandhi's non-violence philosophy. His articulate speeches, his instrumental role in the Quit India Movement, and his vision for a secular India were significant driving forces in the struggle for freedom.



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Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti 2023: 10 Inspiring Quotes By Netaji On His  Birth Anniversary
Image Credits: India.com

Known for his militant approach towards the independence movement, Subhash Chandra Bose was an incredibly inspiring figure. He broke away from the Indian National Congress due to ideological differences and formed the Forward Bloc in 1939. He is well-remembered for establishing the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army, which symbolized the hopes and aspirations of those seeking a more aggressive push for independence.

Vallabhbhai Patel

Man of Steel Sardar: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's Inspiring Journey To Be  Told To The World Through With A Bilingual Film
Image Credits: Koimoi

Vallabhbhai Patel, fondly known as the 'Iron Man of India,' was a stalwart of the Indian freedom struggle. Post-independence, he was instrumental in uniting more than 500 princely states into the Indian Federation. However, during the struggle, his role in organizing peasants in Gujarat and his active participation in the Quit India Movement greatly influenced the course of the independence movement.

Bhagat Singh

Shaheed Diwas: Why Bhagat Singh's legacy remains untouched | Op-eds – Gulf  News
Image Credits: Gulf News

Despite his youthful age, Bhagat Singh's revolutionary spirit left an indelible mark on the freedom struggle. His bravery and commitment to the cause were exemplified by his acts, including the bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly and the assassination of a British police officer. Bhagat Singh's ultimate sacrifice (he was executed at the age of 23) continues to inspire millions of Indians.



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Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak Birth Anniversary 2022: Quotes and some interesting  facts about the freedom fighter
Image Credits: Jagran Josh

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, one of the first and strongest advocates of 'Swaraj' (Self-rule), played a key role in laying the groundwork for the independence movement. His philosophy, "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!" stirred nationalistic fervour among Indians. He also led the protest against the partition of Bengal and was instrumental in the establishment of the Home Rule League.

Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi

An epitome of bravery - Raani Lakshmibai of Jhansi - Sentinelassam
Image Credits: The Sentinel Assam

One of the leading figures in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Rani Lakshmibai's brave resistance against British rule is legendary. Her bravery in fighting the British forces, despite her limited resources, made her one of the iconic figures of the independence movement.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai Jayanti Images, Wishes, Quotes: लाला लाजपत राय जयंती पर  साझा करें उनके ये क्वोट और तस्वीरें - Opoyi Hindi
Image Credits: Opoyi Hindi

One of the triumvirates 'Lal-Bal-Pal,' Lala Lajpat Rai significantly contributed to the independence struggle. His work in the Indian National Congress and his leadership during the protest against the Simon Commission led to widespread nationalistic feelings. His death following a lathi charge during the protest ignited a spark of revolution among Indians.



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Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Today is death anniversary of freedom fighter Gopal Krishna Gokhale |  Sakshi Education
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Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a social reformer. His moderate approach and belief in reforms through existing lawful means differentiated him from the extremists. Gokhale was also the political mentor to Gandhi, and his advocacy for Indian self-rule laid the foundation for future mass movements.

Dr B.R. Ambedkar

Andhra University | Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Chair Home
Image Credits: Andhra University

While Dr B.R. Ambedkar is often remembered as the architect of the Indian Constitution, his role in fighting for the rights of the marginalized during the colonial era is equally commendable. His efforts for the upliftment of the Dalit community and the fight against social discrimination made him an influential figure in the socio-political landscape of India during and after the independence movement.


These illustrious leaders, with their distinct ideologies and strategies, significantly contributed to the struggle that led to India's independence. Their unyielding spirit, steadfast determination, and ceaseless struggles have not only shaped the course of history but also continue to inspire millions. The story of the Indian Independence Movement is as much about these influential figures as it is about the undying spirit of countless known and unknown individuals who sacrificed their all for the nation's freedom.

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