As India celebrates its Independence Day, it's a perfect time to reflect on the nation's tremendous growth and advancements since 1947, particularly in the domains of science and technology. This journey, marked by resilience and innovation, has undoubtedly transformed India into a global technological powerhouse.
India's Tech & Science Evolution Since 1947
General Knowledge • 1 Aug, 2023 • 10,209 Views
By: Shivani Chourasia
Laying the Foundations: The Early Years
The initial years post-independence saw India focusing heavily on building a robust educational infrastructure. Institutes like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) were established, igniting the flame of technological and scientific development.
Spreading Wings in Space
India's maiden venture into space was marked by the formation of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962, which later evolved into the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). From launching small sounding rockets from a Kerala fishing village to placing the Mars Orbiter Mission into Mars' orbit in 2014, ISRO's feats have been nothing short of extraordinary. The low-cost Mars mission, at just $74 million, is a testament to India's cost-effective innovation – it cost less than the budget of the Hollywood movie "Gravity"!
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Atomic Energy: Harnessing the Power Within
India's prowess in atomic energy, spearheaded by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), is remarkable. Despite international hurdles and embargos after the peaceful nuclear test in 1974, India managed to develop an indigenous nuclear program. Today, India operates numerous nuclear power plants contributing to the nation's energy grid.
Leaps in IT and Software Development
India's software industry, a poster child of its economic liberalization in the 1990s, has been the game-changer. The IT sector's exponential growth, attracting huge foreign investment and creating millions of jobs, has put India on the global map. As of 2021, India is the world's largest sourcing destination for IT, accounting for approximately 55% of the $200 billion market.
Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Innovations
India's accomplishments in the biotech and pharmaceutical sectors have been exceptional. The "Pharmacy of the World" supplies over 50% of the global demand for various vaccines, 40% of generic demand in the US, and 25% of all medicines in the UK. More recently, India's role in combating the COVID-19 pandemic, from vaccine development to mass manufacturing, showcased its technological and scientific strengths on a global stage.
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From the establishment of premier research institutions to achievements in space exploration, nuclear technology, IT, and pharmaceuticals, India's journey in science and technology since 1947 has been a story of determination, innovation, and resilience. As India steps into another year of independence, it stands as a beacon of scientific advancement and technological progress in the global community. India's Independence Day is a celebration of not just political freedom, but also the intellectual freedom that has fueled the country's significant contributions to global scientific and technological knowledge.
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